HIV is a virus that affects the immune system of those who carry it. It became widespread concern in the United States in the 60s and 70s, since then it has affected the whole world. Although there is no cure for this virus as of yet, there is a wealth of information regarding how it is contracted, how it is spread, what the symptoms are and how it affects the body. This article is here to spread some light on the virus HIV.
How is it Spread?
HIV is contracted and spread through an infected person’s bodily fluid coming into contact with another, non-infected person. This can be done in many ways, the most common being through sexual intercourse. However, there are many cases that occur through unsanitary needle usage.
What are Some of the Early Signs?
Common HIV symptoms in men include that of headaches, swollen glands, vomiting, fever and a rash breaking out on the infected person’s body. It must be noted, these symptoms commonly show themselves as a result of other conditions, therefore, one must not jump to conclusions if they show. The best way to be sure of the presence of HIV in men is to undergo a HIV blood test.
What Does HIV Do to The Body?
HIV is an auto-immune deficiency. The immune system helps to fight off any infection or disease that may attack the body. HIV weakens this by destroying what are known as T-cells. Without these T-cells an infected person is susceptible to fall extremely ill from common deficiencies. It is inevitable, once enough T-cells have been destroyed, that the infected patient will succumb to a cold or pneumonia as their immune system is effectively non-existent.
HIV into AIDS
If HIV is not treated, it will progress and develop into what is known as AIDS. AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency disorder. It is at this stage that a person is much more likely to contract opportunistic infections. When a person has AIDS, there body is unable to fight these infections.
HIV is a serious matter. Although there is no cure, it can be prevented from developing into AIDS. The best way to avoid contracting HIV is to have protected sex and never share a needle with another person. Instead of monitoring symptoms, the best way to know whether or not you have been infected is to get a HIV test. The use of condoms is recommended when having unprotected sex with a person you are not familiar with.